What does the research say about ...
Hunger’s impact on learning in the classroom?
Children who are hungry are more likely to:
- Be hyperactive, absent or tardy.
- Experience behavioral, emotional and academic problems.
- Repeat a grade and have lower math scores.
The educational and health benefits of school breakfast?
Children who eat school breakfast:
- Demonstrate improved concentration, alertness, comprehension, memory and learning., , 
- Show improved attendance, behavior and standardized achievement test scores., 
- Are more likely to consume diets that meet or exceed standards for important vitamins and minerals.2, 3, 
 Murphy JM, Wehler CA, Pagano ME, Little M, Kleinman RF, Jellinek MS. (1998) “Relationship Between Hunger and Psychosocial Functioning in Low-Income American Children.” Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 37:163-170.
 Kleinman RE, Murphy JM, Little M, Pagano M, Wehler CA, Regal K, Jellinek MS. (1998) “Hunger in Children in the United States: Potential Behavioral and Emotional Correlates.” Pediatrics, 101(1):E3.
 Alaimo K, Olson CM, Frongillo EA Jr. (2001) “Food Insufficiency and American School-Aged Children’s Cognitive, Academic and Psychosocial Development.” Pediatrics, 108(1):44-53.
 Grantham-McGregor S, Chang S, Walker S. (1998) “Evaluation of School Feeding Programs: Some Jamaican Examples.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 67(4):785S-789S.
 Brown JL, Beardslee WH, Prothrow-Stith D. (2008) “Impact of School Breakfast on Children’s Health and Learning.” Sodexo Foundation.
 Morris CT, Courtney A, Bryant CA, McDermott RJ. (2010) “Grab ‘N’ Go Breakfast at School: Observation from a Pilot Program.” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 42(3):208-209
 Murphy JM. (2007) “Breakfast and Learning: An Updated Review.” Journal of Current Nutrition and Food Science, 3(1):3-36.
 Basch, CE. (2011) “Breakfast and the Achievement Gap Among Urban Minority Youth.” Journal of School Health, 81 (10):635-640.
 Pollitt E, Cueto S, Jacoby ER. (1998) “Fasting and Cognition in Well- and Undernourished Schoolchildren: A Review of Three Experimental Studies.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 67(4):779S-784S.