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American Educator
Summer 2008


Table of Contents


Teaching English Language Learners (PDF)
What the Research Does—and Does Not—Say
By Claude Goldenberg

One in nine students is an English language learner. What's the best way to help these students become fluent in English and master the academic content? Existing research cannot fully answer that question, but it can offer teachers some guidelines. Focusing on two recent reviews of that research, Claude Goldenberg highlights the most promising instructional approaches and discusses important questions that the research has yet to answer.

Critical Questions (PDF)
What the Research Does Not Say—Yet

Instructional Modifications for English Learners (PDF)

Supporting the Spread of Freedom

The labor movement's involvement in international affairs runs long and deep. Democracy and free trade unions go hand in hand, a fact that Albert Shanker understood well. With Shanker at its helm, the AFT expanded labor's proud tradition and was a consistent voice against all forms of totalitarianism. Reviving Shanker's firm commitment to helping all people become free is essential today, as a new global survey has revealed a disturbing antidemocratic trend.

Freedom in Retreat (PDF)
Global Survey Reveals Pushback Against Democracy
By Arch Puddington

Defending Democracy (PDF)
Albert Shanker Still Leads the Way
By Herb Magidson

Albert Shanker's Tough Liberalism (PDF)
By Richard D. Kahlenberg

Ask the Cognitive Scientist (PDF)
What Is Developmentally Appropriate Practice?
By Daniel T. Willingham

For many teachers, developmentally appropriate practice means that school activities should be matched to students' current developmental stage. But children's development actually looks more continuous than stage-like, and the way they perform cognitive tasks is quite variable.

A Picture of Language (PDF)
A Diagrammed Sentence Is a Bit Like Art
By Kitty Burns Florey

A veteran copyeditor fondly remembers diagramming sentences and contends that the practice still has the power to charm, entertain, and educate today's students.

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About American Educator

American Educator is a quarterly journal of educational research and ideas published by the American Federation of Teachers. Recent articles have focused on such topics as reducing the achievement gap between poor and affluent students, heading off student discipline problems, teaching an appreciation and understanding of democracy, the benefits of a common coherent curriculum, and other issues affecting children and education here and abroad. Total circulation, as of our most recent issue, is over 900,000.

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