School Discipline Elements
Research-based prevention and intervention strategies
Research-based prevention and intervention strategies should be used by each teacher and every school community. Many children with persistent behavior problems lead very unpredictable lives. Teachers and school staff can help offset this by providing an organized environment, one that is predictable and stable, which can replace the feelings of insecurity, mistrust and discomfort that can lead to disruptive student behavior. A predictable environment, the heart of effective classroom management, is one in which instructional techniques, classroom arrangement, rules and procedures and well-established schedules are well thought out and mutually supportive. Students and teachers benefit when classrooms and entire school communities plan and implement routines and rewards that are focused on building a supportive, positive environment with high behavioral expectations for all. The AFT offers school employees extensive training in classroom management, anti-social behavior and teacher expectations through its ER&D (Educational Research and Dissemination) program. These techniques are research-based and field-tested. School districts should offer classroom management training to all staff. Even the most effective classroom management practices will be less effective, however if they are not practiced in the context of a well-defined discipline policy.
Several steps can be taken to ensure that the code is rigorously and fairly enforced: